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Sánchez was a Colombian girl killed in 1985 by the eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano. She was just 13-years-old when she died. The eruption caused massive flooding and landslides in the surrounding villages.
When her house was destroyed by a mudslide, she became trapped underneath the debris in freezing cold water for three days. Sánchez suffered like that for 55 agonizing hours until she finally succeed to either gangrene or hypothermia. The photograph was taken by a journalist visiting the afflicted shortly before her death. It won the World Press Photo of the Year for 1985.
These photos are all heartbreaking in their own way. There’s no way all of these photographers could have known exactly what they were capturing on film at the time.